What is logistics 4.0 and how do we apply it to the company?

What is logistics 4.0? Logistics is a fundamental business function responsible for managing the flow of goods, services and information from the point of origin to the point of consumption.

Over the years, logistics has undergone significant advances and transformations, and in the current era, the so-called logistics 4.0 is revolutionizing the way logistics operations are managed.

What is logistics 4.0?

The fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, is a concept that refers to the current technological and digital revolution that is transforming the way we live, work and interact.

This industrial revolution is characterized by the convergence of advanced technologies in different areas, such as artificial intelligence, the internet of things, robotics, virtual reality, data analytics and automation.

The fourth industrial revolution

The fourth industrial revolution is based on the idea that digital technologies are creating new forms of production, communication and collaboration that have a profound impact on the economy, society and everyday life.

It is driving the creation of smart factories and highly automated production systems, where interconnected machines, sensors and computer systems enable greater efficiency and productivity.

Within the fourth industrial revolution, information and communication technologies play a key role in enabling the digital transformation of organizations and the integration of business processes.

These technologies encompass various tools and systems that facilitate the collection, processing, storage and exchange of information in real time.

Moreover, they are fundamental in the fourth industrial revolution, as they enable the digitization, automation and optimization of business processes. Their proper implementation and integration into business strategies can boost the efficiency, competitiveness and innovation of organizations in the new digital environment.

What does logistics 4.0 entail?

Logistics 4.0, also known as smart logistics, is an evolution of traditional logistics driven by digitalization and the application of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, the internet of things (IoT), data analytics and automation.

This new logistics era seeks to create more agile, efficient and adaptive supply networks that are able to respond quickly to market demands and meet growing customer expectations.

One of the key features of logistics 4.0 is greater visibility and transparency in the supply chain. Through the integration of systems and technologies, real-time information on product status, transportation flows, inventory levels and other relevant data can be obtained.

This enables more informed decision-making and better planning of logistics operations, minimizing risks and lead times.

Digitization plays a key role in logistics 4.0. Technological advances enable massive data collection and analysis, giving companies a greater ability to understand demand patterns, optimize transportation routes, predict supply chain failures, and make data-driven decisions.

In addition, the implementation of warehouse management systems (WMS) and transportation management systems (TMS) allows for greater automation and control in logistics operations.

Automation is another key aspect of logistics 4.0. The incorporation of robots, autonomous vehicles and automated picking systems streamlines warehousing, packaging and distribution processes.

Moreover, artificial intelligence and machine learning are used to optimize route planning, predict potential problems and make decisions in real time.

Logistics 4.0 also involves greater collaboration and connectivity between supply chain actors. Digital platforms and electronic data interchange (EDI) systems facilitate communication and coordination between suppliers, carriers and customers.

This promotes real-time collaboration, information sharing and synchronization of activities, resulting in greater efficiency and improved customer service.

Key characteristics of logistics 4.0

The benefits of logistics 4.0 are numerous. It enables greater efficiency in inventory management, route planning and resource allocation. Some of its key features are explained below:

Cloud computing.

Cloud computing offers a scalable and flexible infrastructure for data storage and processing. It allows access to computing resources and services over the Internet, which facilitates the implementation of technology solutions without the need to acquire and maintain costly local infrastructure.

Internet of Things (IoT)

Logistics 4.0 leverages the interconnection of devices and sensors to collect real-time data on the status of products, vehicles, warehouses and other logistics assets. This enables continuous monitoring, increased visibility and the ability to make decisions based on accurate data.

Big Data and advanced analytics

The vast amount of data generated in logistics is leveraged through advanced analytics techniques. Big Data analytics enables the identification of patterns, trends and opportunities for improvement in the supply chain.

This enables better planning, route optimization, more accurate demand forecasts and more informed decision making.

Artificial intelligence (AI)

AI plays a key role in logistics 4.0. Machine learning algorithms and natural language processing are used to automate tasks, improve efficiency and predict logistics events.

AI also enables optimization of route planning and scheduling, inventory management and early problem detection.

Robotics and automation

Logistics 4.0 benefits from the automation of logistics tasks. Robots and automated systems are used for sorting, packing, storing and transporting products.

This reduces reliance on human labor, improves accuracy and speed of execution, and minimizes errors.

Digital platforms and real-time collaboration

Logistics 4.0 is based on digital platforms that enable real-time collaboration between all players in the supply chain, including suppliers, carriers and customers.

This facilitates coordination and information sharing, which improves efficiency and communication throughout the supply chain.


Blockchain is a distributed record-keeping technology that ensures transparency and security in transactions. Through this technology, organizations can track and verify the provenance and authenticity of products, streamline payment processes and improve security in the supply chain.

Impact of Logistics 4.0

Logistics 4.0 has a significant impact on logistics operations and the overall supply chain. Some of the key benefits include:

Increased efficiency and cost reduction.

Automation and optimization of logistics processes enable greater operational efficiency, reducing delivery times, errors and associated costs. The use of advanced technologies also improves inventory management and demand planning.

Increased visibility and traceability

Logistics 4.0 provides greater real-time visibility of products and assets throughout the supply chain. This enables accurate tracking and traceability, which is especially valuable in problem detection and proactive decision making.

Improved customer experience

Logistics 4.0 enables faster, more accurate and personalized delivery. Customers can track their shipments in real time, receive updates and have smoother communication with logistics providers. This improves customer satisfaction and strengthens business relationships.

Adaptability and flexibility

Advanced technologies allow for greater adaptability to changes in demand and market needs. The ability to collect and analyze data in real time helps companies make quick decisions and adjust their supply chain to meet changing demands.